About Us Croatia - Fact Sheet

Embassy of India


Croatia - Fact Sheet

Official Name Republic of Croatia
Capital Zagreb
Area 56,594 Sq. km.
Currency Kuna; (Euro 1 = Kuna 7.44 & US$ 1 = Kuna 6.75)
(Croatian National Bank middle rate as on 30.11.2019)
GDP Euro 51.496 billion [Source-Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics (CCBS)]
GDP Growth Rate 2.6% (2018, Source-Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics)
Unemployment 7.2% (June 2019) [Source-CCBS]
GDP Per Capita (Nominal) Euro 12,594 [2018, Source-CCBS]
PPP Euro 16,704 [2015, Source: European Commission]
Forest Cover 19,200 Sq. Km
CO2 emissions 20,554 (kt) (2014) [Source: World Bank]
Tourist Arrivals 18.7 million [ 2018, Source: CCBS]
Population 4.3 million (2011 census)
Age Profile 0-14 years: 14.42%, 15-24 years: 11.92%, 25-54 years: 40.88%, 55-64 years: 14.55%, 65 years and over: 18.23%
Life expectancy Male 73.02, Female 80.4 and Total Life Expectancy is 76.61
Languages Croatian
Ethnic groups 90.4% Croats,  4.4% Serbs,  5.2% others
Religion 88% Roman Catholics,  4.4% Orthodox Church, 2% Muslims, 5.6% others
Internet Penetration 3.17 million (75%; 2016 estimate) (Source: CIA World Fact Book)
Mobile phones 4.5 million (Source: CIA World Fact Book)
Urbanisation 59% (2015 estimate)
Exports Euro   14.54 billion (2018) (Source: Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics)
Euro 10.03 billion (during Jan-Aug 2019)
Imports Euro 23.74 billion (2018) (Source: Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics)
Euro 16.78 billion (during Jan-Aug 2019)
Main Trade Partners Exports: Italy, Slovenia, Germany, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Austria, Serbia, Russia, United States, Hungary and Netherlands. Imports: Germany, Italy, Slovenia, Austria, Russia, China, Bosnia & Herzegovina, France, Hungary and Switzerland.
Political Structure Parliamentary democracy. Parliament has one Chamber, the House of Representatives, with 151 members elected for a four-year term.  The Prime Minister is appointed by the President with the approval of the President (Speaker) of the Parliament. Croatia has a new Government led by Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) President Andrej Plenkovic.  HDZ won snap parliamentary election held on 11 September, 2016 and formed the Government with the support of Bridge of Independent Lists (MOST) on 19 Oct, 2016. This fell apart due to withdrawal of support by MOST but HDZ managed to survive and formed the govt on 07 June 2017 with fresh support of Croatia’s Liberal People’s Party (HNS) and other minority parties, thus avoiding the early elections.
The President is directly elected by the people for a five-year term. (Ms) Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic took over as President on 19 February 2015 and the next presidential election is due on 22 December 2019.
Major Political Parties Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) http://www.hdz.hr, Social Democratic Party of Croatia (SDP), Bridge of Independent Lists (MOST), Croatian People's Party - Liberal Democrats (HNS), Istrian Democratic Assembly (IDS), Croatian Pensioners' Party (HSU), Croatian Labourists - Labour Party (HL),  Croatian Democratic Alliance of Slavonia and Baranja (HDSSB), Croatian Citizens Party (HGS), Democratic Centre (DC), Croatian Peasants' Party (HSS), Croatian Pure Party of Rights (HCSP), Independent Democratic Serbian Party (SDSS), and Croatian Sustainable Development (ORaH).
Head of State H.E. (Ms) Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic   
Head of Government H.E. Mr. Andrej Plenkovic
Political Issues After having become member of EU in 2013, there is now priority for joining Eurozone and Schengen. Potentially, inflammatory issue is that of 'refugee' influx in Europe, with Croatia as one of the transit points (Croatia has accepted a certain quota). Sensitivity remains in relations with Serbia and Bosnia, remnant of the Yugoslavia break-up experience. There are thorny land and maritime border disputes with Slovenia, Montenegro, Serbia and Bosnia.
India's Exports Euro 126.33 million (2018) (Source: Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics)
Euro 79.64 million (Jan-Aug 2019)
India's Imports Euro 11.02 million (2018) (Source: Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics)
Euro 28.80 million (Jan-Aug 2019)
Indian Exports Major commodities: Oil & mineral fuels, industrial & electrical machinery, wood & furniture items, textiles, pharmaceuticals, coffee, tea and foodstuffs. (Source: Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics)
Indian Imports Major commodities: Industrial & electrical machinery, transport vehicles and equipment, pharmaceuticals, and wood.  (Source: Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics)
Indian Investments in Croatia Euro 29.93 million (Jan 2004- Q3 2018 (Source: Croatian National Bank)
Croatian Investments in India Euro 5.6 million (1993 – Q3 2018 (Source: Croatian National Bank)
Indian Community NRIs about 50 and PIOs -25

As on 30 November, 2019