About Us Croatia - Fact Sheet

Embassy of India
Zagreb
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Croatia - Fact Sheet


General

Official Name

Republic of Croatia

Capital

Zagreb

Area

56,594 Sq. km.

Currency

Kuna; (Euro 1 = Kuna 7.56 & US$ 1 = Kuna 6.40)
(Croatian National Bank middle rate as on 06.04.2021)

GDP

Euro 49.13 billion [2020, Source-Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics (CCBS)]

GDP Growth Rate

-8.4% (2020, Source-Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics)

Unemployment

8.5% (February 2021) [Source-CCBS]

GDP Per Capita (Nominal)

Euro 12,141 [2020, Source-CCBS]

PPP

Euro 16,704 [2015, Source: European Commission]

Forest Cover

19,200 Sq. Km

CO2 emissions

20,554 (kt) (2014) [Source: World Bank]

Tourist Arrivals

7.8 million [ 2020, Source: CCBS]

Population

4.3 million (2011 census)

Age Profile

0-14 years: 14.42%, 15-24 years: 11.92%, 25-54 years: 40.88%, 55-64 years: 14.55%, 65 years and over: 18.23%

Life expectancy

Male 73.02, Female 80.4 and Total Life Expectancy is 76.61

Languages

Croatian

Ethnic groups

90.4% Croats, 4.4% Serbs, 5.2% others

Religion

88% Roman Catholics, 4.4% Orthodox Church, 2% Muslims, 5.6% others

Internet Penetration

3.17 million (75%; 2016 estimate) (Source: CIA World Fact Book)

Mobile phones

4.5 million (Source: CIA World Fact Book)

Urbanisation

59% (2015 estimate)

Exports

Euro   14.87 billion (2020) (Source: Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics)

Imports

Euro 22.82 billion (2020) (Source: Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics)

Main Trade Partners

Exports: Italy, Slovenia, Germany, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Austria, Serbia, Russia, United States, Hungary and Netherlands. Imports: Germany, Italy, Slovenia, Austria, Russia, China, Bosnia & Herzegovina, France, Hungary and Switzerland.

Political

Political Structure

Parliamentary democracy. Parliament has one Chamber, the House of Representatives, with 151 members elected for a four-year term.  The Government is led by Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) President and Prime Minister H.E. Mr. Andrej Plenkovic.  HDZ won snap parliamentary election held on 11 September, 2016 and formed the Government with the support of Bridge of Independent Lists (MOST) on 19 Oct, 2016. This fell apart due to withdrawal of support by MOST but HDZ managed to survive and formed the govt on 07 June 2017 with fresh support of Croatia’s Liberal People’s Party (HNS) and other minority parties, thus avoiding the early elections.
Despite the increased COVID-19 cases in Croatia, the Parliament elections were held on the scheduled date 5 July 2020. HDZ President and PM-designate Andrej Plenkovic got the support of the national minorities, the Croatian People's Party (HNS) and the People's Party – Reformists (NS-R) to achieve 76 seat majority necessary to form the Government. 
The President is directly elected by the people for a five-year term. H.E. (Mr) Zoran Milanović took over as President on 18 February 2020.

Major Political Parties

Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) http://www.hdz.hr, Social Democratic Party of Croatia (SDP), Bridge of Independent Lists (MOST), Croatian People's Party - Liberal Democrats (HNS), Istrian Democratic Assembly (IDS), Croatian Pensioners' Party (HSU), Human Siehld (Živi zid), Bandić Milan 365 - Labour and Solidarity Party, Croatian Labourists - Labour Party (HL),  Croatian Democratic Alliance of Slavonia and Baranja (HDSSB), Croatian Citizens Party (HGS), Democratic Centre (DC), Croatian Peasants' Party (HSS), Croatian Pure Party of Rights (HCSP), Independent Democratic Serbian Party (SDSS), and Croatian Sustainable Development (OraH).

Head of State

H.E. (Mr) Zoran Milanović   

Head of Government

H.E. Mr. Andrej Plenkovic

Political Issues

After being a member of EU in 2013, Croatia is trying to fully integrate into EU systems and its priorities are now for joining Eurozone and Schengen. Potentially, inflammatory issue is that of 'refugee' influx in Europe, with Croatia as one of the transit points (Croatia has accepted a certain quota). Sensitivity remains in relations with Serbia and Bosnia, remnant of the Yugoslavia break-up experience. There are thorny land and maritime border disputes with Slovenia. EU enlargement in Western Balkans is one of Croatia’s priorities during its EU Presidency (1 Jan-30 Jun, 2020). 

Trade & Commerce

India's Exports

$365.38 million (2021) (Source: Department of Commerc)

India's Imports

$72.25 million (2021) (Source: Department of Commerc)

Indian Exports

Major commodities: Oil & mineral fuels, industrial & electrical machinery, wood & furniture items, textiles, pharmaceuticals, coffee, tea and foodstuffs. (Source: Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics)

Indian Imports

Major commodities: Industrial & electrical machinery, transport vehicles and equipment, pharmaceuticals, and wood.  (Source: Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics)

Indian Investments in Croatia

Euro 34.80 million (Jan 2001 – Q2 2020 (Source: Croatian National Bank)

Croatian Investments in India

Euro 5.5 million (Jan 2001 – Q2 2020 (Source: Croatian National Bank)

Indian Community

The Indian community in Croatia is small, numbering around 2415.  Of these, around 32 are PIOs, 25 are Indian students and about 2358 workers from India who are on short to medium term contracts.

As on 11 March, 2022