About Us Croatia - Fact Sheet

Embassy of India
Zagreb
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Croatia - Fact Sheet


General

Official Name

Republic of Croatia

Capital

Zagreb

Area

56,594 Sq. km.

Currency

Kuna; (Euro 1 = Kuna 7.54 & US$ 1 = Kuna 6.48)
(Croatian National Bank middle rate as on 29.09.2020)

GDP

Euro 53.96 billion [2019, Source-Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics (CCBS)]

GDP Growth Rate

2.9% (2019, Source-Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics)

Unemployment

9.0% (August 2020) [Source-CCBS]

GDP Per Capita (Nominal)

Euro 13,270 [2019, Source-CCBS]

PPP

Euro 16,704 [2015, Source: European Commission]

Forest Cover

19,200 Sq. Km

CO2 emissions

20,554 (kt) (2014) [Source: World Bank]

Tourist Arrivals

21 million [ 2019, Source: CCBS]

Population

4.3 million (2011 census)

Age Profile

0-14 years: 14.42%, 15-24 years: 11.92%, 25-54 years: 40.88%, 55-64 years: 14.55%, 65 years and over: 18.23%

Life expectancy

Male 73.02, Female 80.4 and Total Life Expectancy is 76.61

Languages

Croatian

Ethnic groups

90.4% Croats, 4.4% Serbs, 5.2% others

Religion

88% Roman Catholics, 4.4% Orthodox Church, 2% Muslims, 5.6% others

Internet Penetration

3.17 million (75%; 2016 estimate) (Source: CIA World Fact Book)

Mobile phones

4.5 million (Source: CIA World Fact Book)

Urbanisation

59% (2015 estimate)

Exports

Euro   15.40 billion (2019) (Source: Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics)
Euro 6.86 billion (Jan-Jun 2020)

Imports

Euro 24.85 billion (2019) (Source: Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics)
Euro 11.12 billion (Jan-Jun 2020)

Main Trade Partners

Exports: Italy, Slovenia, Germany, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Austria, Serbia, Russia, United States, Hungary and Netherlands. Imports: Germany, Italy, Slovenia, Austria, Russia, China, Bosnia & Herzegovina, France, Hungary and Switzerland.

Political

Political Structure

Parliamentary democracy. Parliament has one Chamber, the House of Representatives, with 151 members elected for a four-year term.  The Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) won the Parliamentary Elections held on 05 July 2020 and formed the Government, led by Prime Minister H.E. Mr. Andrej Plenkovic, with the support of the Croatian Peoples Party (HNS), the Reformists and minority parties on 23 July 2020.   

The President is directly elected by the people for a five-year term. H.E. (Mr) Zoran Milanovi? took over as President on 18 Feb 2020.

Major Political Parties

Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), Social Democratic Party (SDP), Miroslav škoro Homeland Movement, Bridge of Independent Lists (MOST), Croatian Peoples Party-Liberal Democrats (HNS), Istrian Democratic Assembly (IDS), Croatian Pensioners' Party (HSU), Human Shield (Živi zid), Bandi? Milan 365-Labour and Solidarity Party, Croatian Labourists-Labour Party (HL),  Croatian Democratic Alliance of Slavonia and Baranja (HDSSB), Croatian Citizens Party (HGS), Democratic Centre (DC), Croatian Peasants' Party (HSS), Croatian Pure Party of Rights (HCSP), Independent Democratic Serbian Party (SDSS), the Reformists, and Croatian Sustainable Development (OraH).

Head of State

H.E. Mr. Zoran Milanovi?   

Head of Government

H.E. Mr. Andrej Plenkovic

Political Issues

After being a member of EU in 2013, Croatia is trying to fully integrate into EU systems and its priorities are now for joining Eurozone and Schengen. Croatia became a NATO member in 2009.  Croatia also aims to be a member of OECD.  Potentially, inflammatory issue is that of 'refugee' influx in Europe, with Croatia as one of the transit points (Croatia has accepted a certain quota). Sensitivity remains in relations with Serbia and Bosnia, remnant of the Yugoslavia break-up experience. There are thorny land and maritime border disputes with Slovenia.

 

India's Exports

Euro 109.50 million (2019) (Source: Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics)
Euro 70.47 million (Jan-Jun 2020)

India's Imports

Euro 39.81 million (2019) (Source: Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics)
Euro 8.46 million (Jan-Jun 2020)

Indian Exports

Major commodities: Oil & mineral fuels, industrial & electrical machinery, wood & furniture items, textiles, pharmaceuticals, coffee, tea and foodstuffs. (Source: Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics)

Indian Imports

Major commodities: Industrial & electrical machinery, transport vehicles and equipment, pharmaceuticals, and wood.  (Source: Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics)

Indian Investments in Croatia

Euro 32.54 million (Jan 2001 - Q3 2019 (Source: Croatian National Bank)

Croatian Investments in India

Euro 5.5 million (Jan 2001 – Q3 2019 (Source: Croatian National Bank)

Indian Community

NRIs about 75 and PIOs -25

As on 29 September, 2020